Camels in the Texas Hill Country

bison at camp verde

In the Texas Hill Country near Kerrville and Bandera, it’s not uncommon to see peculiar fauna behind fences near the highways. Various ranches here keep exotic game for sport or meat: bison, gazelles, emus and ostriches. But yesterday, I drove past a sculpture that caught my eye, and it’s of an animal I’d seen aplenty in Egypt and Jordan, but never in Texas.

This sculpture of a camel sits just off a highway on the way to Bandera. At the Camp Verde General Store, the camel is king. The store was established in 1857, when the land it sits on was a US Army outpost.

In 1854, Jefferson Davis, then the Secretary of War (in a few years he would become President of the Confederacy), issued an order for an experiment in Army transportation.

The arid climates of western Texas were often a hardship for those who had to travel in them: Pony Express horses would wilt from lack of water, and infantrymen would do the same. The harsh and waterless region proved dangerous and often fatal. With a $30,000 appropriation from Congress, the army imported swift dromedaries and burden camels from Egypt and shipped them to Texas, where they ended up at Camp Verde. The camels proved to be perfect pack animals for the climate here, carrying heavier loads and traveling farther than horses.

camp verde general store signWhen the Civil War broke out, there were 53 camels at Camp Verde. The fort passed into the hands of the Confederacy in 1861, and was recaptured by the US Government in 1865. By then, the number of camels had grown to 100.

With reconstruction taking up the resources of the government, the army halted the program, and the fort was deactivated in 1869.

The camels were distributed to circuses, and, by some accounts, a large part of the herd was bought by a local family named Coopwood, who contracted with the US Postal Service to carry mail between Texas and Mexico. Thievery and mishaps scuttled that operation, and many of the animals were confiscated and set loose in Arizona. But Coopwood kept some of the beasts, and bred them for years afterward.

One account from a website said: “According to Coopwood’s descendants the camels were once the hit of Austin’s Mardi Gras parade. The King of the Carnival’s float was drawn by thirty-two camels, each camel was lead by a costumed Negro holding a lighted torch.”

camp verde signWe can be grateful that our society has moved forward and no longer tolerates racist spectacles like Coopwood’s Mardi Gras float in Austin.

But it might be nice to see camels again, mingling with the other exotic critters in the Hill Country pastures.

The Camp Verde General Store and Post Office does its part to keep the spirit of the great camel experiment alive. Nearly every nook and cranny of the reconstructed building is inhabited with the figure of one of these so-called ships of the desert.

camel sculpture at camp verde

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2 thoughts on “Camels in the Texas Hill Country

  1. jessica

    I grew up hearing that there had been camels used as conveyances in the Civil War (which, I had heard called “the Great Disturbance”) but I thought it was apocryphal; I never knew about Camp Verde.

    And in the spirit of pure Americana, I would love to have seen that Mardi Gras parade. Perhaps there’s an on-line archive of period Austin newspapers that has coverage.

    You remember the National Guard HQ on Confederate Avenue? That used to be the Confederate Soldiers’ Home. I’ll bet some of those guys knew about the camels!

  2. jessica

    It’s extremely creepy that wordpress installed an emoticon – the winking face – in my prior post. I don’t write like that. Euw.

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